NEW ENGLAND GAMBLING HISTORY – A TIMELINE

The New England Gambling History begins soon settlers arrive in the New World. Matter of fact, English settlers differed from their Puritanical neighbors in New England in many ways. Gambling was one way the early colonies continued traditional styles of living in a new world. It considering as a “harmless diversion, a popular and accepted activity.”

Lotteries were used to bail out the Early Colonies. Financial backers of the colonies began to see gambling as the solution to diminishing finances needed for the war effort. All 13 original colonies established lotteries, usually more than one, to raise revenue.  Lotteries continue to be a main source of revenue for all six New England states.

The Pequot War of 1637

The Pequot War of 1637 set the stage for the separation of Pequot & Mohegan Tribes. Over 350 years after, both tribes started the New England Casino expansion we see today.
The Pequot War of 1637 set the stage for the separation of Pequot & Mohegan Tribes. Over 350 years after, both tribes started the New England Casino expansion we see today.

The Pequot and Mohegan Tribes were once one tribe. But war with colonists, conflicts with other tribes, and different tribal/colonial alliances caused a split.  It was over 250 years later that same gambling influence made its presence on tribal land.

New England Gambling History Begins

 

 This picture is the expanded Bingo Hall before Casino Expansion
Foxwoods Started it all with Bingo. This picture is the expanded Bingo Hall before Casino Expansion in 1992.

1983 / 1985

The Mashantucket Pequot Tribe gained legal control of their reservation and federal recognition by an act of Congress in 1983. A bingo hall in 1985 was built on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation, beginning the expansion of casino gambling in New England.

Related Post – PHOTOS: Foxwoods Casino Through The Years


1992

  1. The first New England Casino, Foxwoods, opens its doors in Mashantucket, CT. In 1992, the tribe added table games, followed by the addition of slot machines in 1993. Despite initial plans to close the casino at 2 AM, gamblers just kept staying and gambling. Foxwoods has always been open 24/7 since that night. Quickly, the Grand Cedar Hotel was built and opened in 1993.
The Rainmaker at Foxwoods Resort Casino
The Rainmaker at Foxwoods Resort Casino – part of the original casino before many expansions.

2. Lincoln Downs opened on July 7, 1947. At first a  horse racing venue, it was sold (in debt) in June 1977 and renamed Lincoln Greyhound Park. It began its first season of greyhound racing in 1992.

In 1992, pari-mutuel handles were vdropping due to competition from the newly opened Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut. Rhode Island authorized video lottery terminals (classII) at Lincoln Greyhound Park & Newport Jai AlaiFronton.

Originally built for greyhound racing, Twin River Casino is now a full casino.
Originally built for greyhound racing, Twin River Casino is now a full casino.

1996

With a throng at the door by the 10 A.M, the Mohegan Tribe opened the second New England casino in Uncasville, CT. Casino officials estimated some 40,000 had passed through by early evening.

A Dollar Coin from Mohegan Sun Opening
A Dollar Coin from Mohegan Sun Opening

1997

Foxwoods opens Grand Pequot Tower


2001

Mohegan Sun completes Mohegan Sun Arena, a 10,000 seat multi-purpose arena. In addition,

Mohegan Sun
Non Smoking Tortoise Shell Gaming area in Casino of the Sky.

the 119,000 square-foot Casino of the Sky made Mohegan Sun one of the largest gaming complexes in the world.


2005

Hollywood Slots Hotel & Raceway opens in Bangor, Maine.The property became a racino when Penn National Gaming won the state of Maine’s slots bid and purchased the Bangor harness racing track.  It was the first licensed slots facility in the state, and became the first casino to be licensed in the state of Maine when it added table games to its facilities in 2012.

Hollywood Casino, Bangor Maine
Hollywood Casino, Bangor Maine

2007

Lincoln Greyhound Park turns into Twin River Casino with Vegas Style, class III gaming. Newport Grand soon follows, redesigning without Jai-Alai. The jai alai fronton operated from 1976 until 2003 for a total of more than 27 years.

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Newport Jai Alai.
Newport Jai Alai. Credit – newportri.com

2008

  1. Foxwoods announced that they would lease the MGM Grand brand name for the new building project. MGM Mirage would be a partner in the expansion project. The expansion, entitled MGM Grand at Foxwoods, opened on May 17, 2008.
MGM Tower at Foxwoods - Right side.
MGM Tower at Foxwoods – Right side.

2. Mohegan expands with Casino of the Wind, more dining options and 42-table poker room.

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2011

MA legislature approves Expanded Gaming Act allowing construction of 3 Resort casinos & one “slot’s only casino.”

Massachusetts Regions for full casinos.
Massachusetts Regions for full casinos. Doesn’t include Plainridge Park Slot Parlor in Plainville.

2012

  1. Oxford Casino opens in Oxford, Maine.
Oxford Casino, Maine
Oxford Casino, Maine

2. Hollywood Bangor adds table games.


2013

  1. MGM pulls out of its Foxwoods partnership.

Related Post – Foxwoods and MGM Joint Venture Ends in 2013

MGM Ends Agreement with Foxwoods
Sign of a change, MGM Ends Agreement with Foxwoods

2. Oxford Casino – In March 2013, Black Bear Development agreed to sell the casino to Churchill Downs Inc, who currently owns the property.

3. Twin River Casino adds over 80 table games, cutting into Connecticut casinos table game traffic. This becomes the first sign of competition and saturation seen in an ever-expanding New England gaming landscape.


2015

  1. Plainridge Park Casino Opens at Plainridge Raceway as the first Massachusetts casino (slots-only) authorized under a 2011 state law that also allows for up to three casinos in the Bay State named the Expanded Gaming Act.
Plainridge Park Casino
Plainridge Park Casino in Massachusetts

2. Foxwoods opens Tanger Outlet Mall between the two hotel towers with 85 stores.

Foxwoods Resort with the Tanger Mall
Foxwoods Resort with the Tanger Mall added connecting Fox Tower and Grand Pequot Tower.

3. Twin River adds Poker.


2016

The Earth Tower officially opened on November 18, 2016 as the second hotel option at Mohegan Sun.

New Earth Hotel, at Mohegan Sun.
New Earth Hotel, at Mohegan Sun.

2017

Oxford Hotel Casino
Oxford Casino, Oxford ME, adds Hotel, expanded casino and Ox Pub

Oxford Casino – In November 2017, the hotel, new dining venues, and an expansion of the gaming floor opened. In fact, the new name is now Oxford Casino Hotel and Events Center.


2018

New England Gambling History – Many Openings

  1. MGM Springfield Resort Casino opens – More than 10,000 people entered the casino campus in the first hours after its grand opening. Before that, the festivities included a parade consisting of hundreds of MGM officials and workers, construction workers, local and state dignitaries.
MGM Springfield
MGM Springfield

2. 3. Tiverton Casino & Hotel opens – Called a “convenience” casino, this local property, which holds 1,000 slot machines and 32 table games. It officially opened to the public on September 1st, 2018.

Tiverton Casino/ Hotel.
Tiverton Casino/ Hotel.

4. Twin River Casino adds Hotel

Twin River Hotel Lobby
Twin River Hotel Lobby

5. Mohegan Sun opens Earth Expo CenterIt has an innovative design with 125,000 square feet of contiguous, column-free exhibit space. In addition to a 20,000 square foot ballroom, it boasts 15 additional meeting rooms and pre-function areas for a grand total of 175,000 square feet.

 

Mohegan Expo Center
Mohegan Expo Center

Closings, Sports Betting and a Loss for Wynn

Newport Grand Slots Casino closes – Newport voters rejected proposals in 2012 and 2014 to add table games to the casino. Then, Twin River Management Group bought Newport Grand in 2015. After getting voter approval to build a casino in Tiverton with table games, the company obtained state permission to transfer the license there.

Newport Grand Slots, Newport, RI
Newport Grand Slots, Newport, RI

6. Rhode Island approves and opens the first Sports Betting in New England  – Both Twin Rivers and Tiverton casino were approved to offer single-game sports wagering. Rhode Island’s state lottery oversees sports betting. Furthermore, much like Delaware sports betting, the state will work in partnership with the casinos and split revenue. Mobile betting was later added.

Inside the Twin River Casino Sports Book
Inside the Twin River Casino Sports Book

7. Massachusetts Gaming Commission probea number of sexual misconduct allegations were made against Steve Wynn. Consequently, his departure from Wynn Resorts changed the name of the project to Encore Boston Harbor. it was part of an effort by Wynn Resorts to distance itself from its founder.


2019

Encore Boston Harbor Opens – (previously referred to as Wynn Everett and Wynn Boston Harbor) this luxury resort and casino opened in Everett, Massachusetts, June 23, 2019. It was referred to as an “international entertainment destination, evoking a Las Vegas atmosphere.”

Encore Boston Harbor
View From Harbor Walk

2020

New England Gambling History – Digging Out of a Hole

This year, New England saw proof of casino saturation as every casino, except Oxford, reported lower revenue than expected across the board.

Related Posts – What’s the Trouble With Massachusetts Casino Revenue?

Casino Gambling in New England 2020 – State of the Region’s Casinos, Part 1

Casino Gambling in New England 2020 – Part 2


OUT WITH THE OLD, IN WITH THE NEW – I should mention that casino gambling found a home in the 1800’s in Newport, Rhode Island. In addition, numerous greyhound & horse tracks, parimutuel parlors, and Jai alai frontons in Milford, CT, Hartford CT, and Newport, RI. Showed promise in the 1980’s.  However, in the past ten years, the horse-racing industry has seen a major decrease, if not close to extinction. Jai-Alai has moved out of the state, and parimutuel parlors continue to diminish in popularity due to the massive addition of casino gaming.

 

Binbin

 

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